Bangladesh, officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ; Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a sovereign state in South Asia. It is located at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, bordered by the Republic of India and Burma(Myanmar) on its north, west and east, and separated from Nepal and Bhutan by India’s narrow Siliguri corridor. Together with the neighbouring Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. The name Bangladesh means “Country of Bengal” in the officialBengali language.
The present-day borders of Bangladesh were established during the partition of the British Indian Empire in 1947, when eastern Bengal became part of the newly formed State of Pakistan. It was separated from West Pakistan by nearly 1,500 km (about 900 mi) of Indian territory. Due to political, economic, linguistic and ethnic discrimination by the Pakistani state; popular agitation, cultural nationalism and civil disobedience led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence, the new state endured widespread poverty, famine, political turmoil and military coups. The restoration of democracy in 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress, although the political scene remains turbulent.